750, 585, 417 Gold Jewelry Markings and What They Mean


What Do the 750, 585, and 417 Markings on Gold Jewelry Mean?

As a professional gold buyer, I had to know all about jewelry markings in order to buy and resell scrap gold jewelry for profit.

Markings like 750, 585, and 417 often cause confusion among consumers. Most folks don't know what these mysterious combinations of numbers mean. It can be even more confusing if there are letters involved as well.

Caratage and Fineness: Understanding Gold Purity

Since pure gold is too soft to use for jewelry making, it is combined with other metals to make it stronger. Caratage and fineness both refers to the purity of gold in a gold alloy. Caratage signifies the number of karats in it, whereas fineness refers to parts per thousand of gold in an alloy.

Each gold variety (from 8K to 24K) has both a caratage and a decimal fineness. Pure gold equals 24 karats, or 24k, a caratage that can also be expressed in decimal form as .999 fine. Gold can never be 100% pure since there are always some impurities in it. The finest gold ever created was .999999 fine. The decimal is found by dividing the actual caratage by 24, the most carats gold can have.

For example:

  • 14 karat gold is .583 fine because 14/24 = .583.
  • It is 58.3% gold, and 583 parts out of 1000 are pure gold.

Therefore, the gold markings of 750, 585, and others refer to the purity of gold and correspond with a caratage.

Gold Purity Markings: Common Stamps

Here is a list of common gold markings. Notice that the marking 585 is associated with 14K (14 karat) gold. Why? In the example above we found that 14K gold is actually .583 fine. However, a 585 gold marking is also used to indicate 14K gold. The same applies to the marking 417, which indicates 10K gold, and 917, indicating 22K.

Since gold standards vary around the globe, there are some other consistencies like this that you'll find if you continue buying and selling gold.

Gold Markings and Their Significance

The Marking
What It Means
8K Gold
9K Gold
416 or 417
10K Gold
12K Gold
583 or 585
14K Gold
18K Gold
916 or 917
22K Gold
24K Gold

What are you going to do with this information?

  • I'll know the value of the gold I want to sell.
  • Nothing! I'm just curious.
  • I bought a piece of jewelry recently and wanted to see how much it's worth so I can brag to my friends.
  • Other
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More Information on Gold Quality Types

% Gold
8K or 8ct
Usually European. Not recognized as gold in the USA. This is the lowest possible standard and will tarnish sometimes.
9K or 9ct
Mainly British Commonwealth countries, but not recognized in USA as gold.
10K or 10ct
This is the minimum legal karatage allowed to be called gold in the United States.
12K or 12ct
This caratage is not usually used for jewelry as it has a dull color.
14K or 14ct
Very popular caratage for jewelry. Good balance of durability and value. It holds its polish and color for many years.
15K or 15ct
Only found in British Commonwealth countries. This caratage was discontinued around 1935 and is a good indicator that the piece is old.
18K or 18ct
Excellent for use in fine jewelry. The gold has rich, deep color and is slightly soft, so will wear a bit.
22K or 22ct
Jewelers in the US typically find this too soft to use, though you will find some 22K gold in museums. It can be used for plating or gold leaf.
24K or 24ct
Pure gold is too soft to use for jewelry, though it is used for gold leafing and plating.

Other Gold and Silver Markings and Stamps: Hallmarks and Maker Marks

Gold Jewelry Markings & Stamps
Gold Jewelry Markings & Stamps

Common gold stamps may be accompanied by one or more obscure secondary markings. People frequently ask what these other stamps mean. They can be numbers, letters or logos.

Most secondary markings on contemporary jewelry simply indicate the maker. They can also be the initials of a previous owner (in the case of a used item). There are almost as many different makers marks as there are gold rings! If you're dedicated to finding out who made your jewelry piece, it's certainly possible but be ready to do a lot of digging.

The picture shows a gold item with several different marks, including a 750 which means that it's 18K gold. Using the labels at the top of the picture as a key, you can identify the marks.

  • LAO indicates the jewelry maker.
  • The crown indicates the assay office (institutions that test the purity of metals).
  • 750 indicates the gold is 18k.

What to Watch Out for If You Want to Buy or Sell

Some symbols and letters indicate that the piece is not solid gold. See below for some markings that show the gold is electro-plated, filled, or rolled.

Some Other Common Markings and What They Mean

Heavy gold electroplate
Rolled gold plated
Gold plated
Some hallmarks or stamps may indicate that the gold is not real.

Video: Identifying Markings on Gold Jewelry

Video: Hallmarks Identifying Real Gold and Gems

What do you think? What's your gold story? 128 comments

Ramkitten2000 profile image

Ramkitten2000 5 years ago from Flagstaff, Arizona

Interesting stuff. I'll have to look at the gold I have (not much!) and see what I see now that I know a thing or two. Nicely done and good information.

BEAGOLDBUYERdot profile image

BEAGOLDBUYERdot 5 years ago Author

Thank you for the comment. Remember to visit!

Gayle Dowell profile image

Gayle Dowell 4 years ago from Kansas

Great info. I'm a jeweler but only work in sterling silver for now. Maybe someday I'll graduate to gold.

SouthFloridaJew profile image

SouthFloridaJew 4 years ago

Great explanation of jewelry markings. Thanks!

anonymous 3 years ago

this answer my questions to the tee thank you for ex-plane it so well because it can be cofiusion and people can take avdagege of you thank you very much

anonymous 3 years ago

i've learned a lot from your article.thank you for share it!

BEAGOLDBUYERdot profile image

BEAGOLDBUYERdot 3 years ago Author

@anonymous: You're very welcome. Thanks for the feedback.

anonymous 3 years ago

Hello, I have a necklace from So. Africa that a 1/10th Kugerrand pendant is on. It is a heavy necklace but the only markings (stamp) on it is "EVOKE" preceeded by a hallmark or small circle of concentric circles. Any ideas on it's purity? Thanks

BEAGOLDBUYERdot profile image

BEAGOLDBUYERdot 3 years ago Author

@anonymous: Do you know for sure that the Krugerrand is real? If the Krugerrand is real, then the necklace is at least 14K--possibly 18K. However, when I Google "gold necklace EVOKE" it brings up a jewelry brand that makes a lot of silver and 9kt (they say 9ct) gold jewelry. So I'm going to bet that the necklace is 9kt gold, at best, and the coin isn't real. Sorry.

anonymous 3 years ago

HI , Is panned gold less than 24K (panned out of a small stream in NE Utah)

BEAGOLDBUYERdot profile image

BEAGOLDBUYERdot 3 years ago Author

@anonymous: No gold nuggets and the like are not 24K gold. It is a common misconception. They contain various impurities and debris. My book explains this.

wiseriverman profile image

wiseriverman 3 years ago

Thanks for all of the wonderful secrets! I'm going to print this and carry it with me when I go to garage sales this summer. Maybe I'll find something marked 916 or 917. I'm an optimist.

What was your best find?

anonymous 3 years ago

so what is better 585 italian or 14 k white gold for both which is better??

BEAGOLDBUYERdot profile image

BEAGOLDBUYERdot 3 years ago Author

@anonymous: That only depends on which color you like better: yellow or white. 585 is 14K, as this article explains, and the "Italy" part makes no difference.

khulet20 3 years ago

I bought a wedding ring the seller said it's 14k Saudi gold, with a mark A.N 750, is this fake because you said 14k is 585

BEAGOLDBUYERdot profile image

BEAGOLDBUYERdot 3 years ago Author

@khulet20: "750" means 18K gold. And that is what I would expect of any gold which is truly from that area.

khulet20 3 years ago

@BEAGOLDBUYERdot: the one i bought is fake?

BEAGOLDBUYERdot profile image

BEAGOLDBUYERdot 3 years ago Author

@khulet20: What I said is that "750" means 18K gold, which is more precious than 14K gold. Most of the gold from that part of the world is at least 18K, not 14K. So if it's real gold, and really from there, then it's 18K.

jejoju profile image

jejoju 2 years ago

Hey Buddy, I like your lens. I hear marketers make more money advertising than the actual jeweler maker! Now we know why!

BEAGOLDBUYERdot profile image

BEAGOLDBUYERdot 2 years ago Author

@jejoju: I'm not sure what you mean, unless you meant "gold buyers" instead of "marketers". If that's the case, I'm not sure it's true. Jewelry costs so much because of markups, a large part of that at the last step when it becomes polished, enhance, wearable jewelry.

rnk249 2 years ago

Straight up, and very informative. Bookmarked this place.

Ju 2 years ago

So I have this gold-looking ring and on the inside it said H750, not just 750, what does this mean? And great info by the way! It was really helpful!

Darling 23 months ago

thanks for the info...I'm curious about 916 and 917 when I changed my chain I knew 916 means 22k... I thought I've got a different one for my chain... :-) thanks!

Keci 21 months ago

my wedding band is written beneath GJ750...Is it real 18k gold or a fake gold plated GL steel?

Dermil 20 months ago

I have a bracelet that bears two markings




What does this mean?

Thank you

Gina 20 months ago

I have my mom's ring, that was bought sometime in the forties . I think in California. It is marked CDL and 14K. It has a pale lavender stone in it, and you can see a star in it, if you hold it right. Can you tell me anything about it?

Michele 19 months ago

Perfect explanation for a ring from my mother in law that passed more than twenty years ago! I couldn't ask its origins and always thought it was costume. Since it says 585 and several dark blue stones are on it (actually 5 rings joined together) I'll have to have it appraised. Thanks for the info!

ralph 19 months ago

I had bought a supposing 14K gold neckless, but now I don't think it is just because it has the 417 stamp on the jewelry. But when I get it test to pawn places it comes out as 14K, they scratch, and test... I am a bit worried, is my gold chain 10K, or 14K. Does anybody know the correct answer????

Rhonda 18 months ago

i have a gold nugget bracelet stamped 10K and GJI on the clasp. What does the GJI stamp mean?

tasha 18 months ago

I found a bracelet stamped 24k and below is IPG but it's not this real gold?

Linda 18 months ago

I have a gold chain with a square block pendent on it marked 750 and has above it50av what does this mean ..also on the back it has two looks like stamp holes not sure

18 months ago

Is a .839 gold or silver

Chris 16 months ago

I have a pendant that says 14KAU what dose this mean?

Osas bello 16 months ago

Please,what's the price of 18k tiny carpet gold?

Hiran 16 months ago

As a fountain pen lover all high end pens have 18k solid gold is marked 18k and 750 on the nib it self, now I know what it means. Thank you for the info.

Griselda 15 months ago

I've always loved gold now thanks to you I love it more. Looking forward to fleemarkets

bella 15 months ago

I have a gold and on it,its written 750italy...which is 18k am I correct

Rob 14 months ago

What do the letters G L stamped into a ring signify?

ApprenticeAppraiser 14 months ago

@chris 14KAU = 14k (karat) AU(gold) :)

@bella markings 750 is 18k gold. yes you are correct :)

Cameron 13 months ago

Hi, my partner has a white gold ring marked 417 and on the other side MH3 what does this MH3 mean?

Clint 13 months ago

what does 375 AGR AJ28 mean please?

jay cunners 13 months ago

one side says 585 but the oher side says 3937 wots that about

Colleen 12 months ago

I obtained a monogramed ring with a letter 'C' on the top and flowers embossed on the side. It's stamped 9999, K and there is a little like sun looking stamp. Curious as to what the K and sun would stand for?

jan 11 months ago

Is AAA35 real gold? Thanks.

Reece 11 months ago

The hallmark on my wedding ring is stamped 18K SG. What does the SG stand for? Also, on the opposite side it has DO.64 or possibly DD.64. Any idea what this means? Thank you for any information.

big chulo papi 11 months ago

what does mcs or msc mean?

Windie Anderson 9 months ago

I have found a gold bracelet with 482 stamped in it along with c11? I would like to know if it's real and what the markings mean????

Drew Doza 9 months ago

My 10k chain says 417 sfg what's tat mean?

julius lacea 8 months ago

i've learned a lot of this, since i was starting my business on line with my wife, and i'm confuse of answering some questions about how can we identify if it is real or fake, and how to identify the markings in every karat,

Judith Lamoste 8 months ago

My gold ring has a marking ITALY VC . What this marking mean?

Nhel 7 months ago

Comparison about Saudi gold, Japan gold, and China gold pls advice thanks.

Gina 7 months ago

Could you tell me what Z94VI before 750 on gold and coral earrings. Please and thank you.

Mariloly 6 months ago

Great information, would like your help. I got this chain from my sister in Mexico and it reads on the hinge 585 and in the flat place 14KMC157, on the other side MEXICO, it weighs about 9 grams, is this 14k? and more or less what is its value? Would appreciate your information. Thank you

ky chick 6 months ago

I have a 10k, square shaped diamond accent ring it also is stamped with a heart and what looks like a tree symbol. Can u tell me the meanings or its worth?

6 months ago

What does GMI on a 10k gol bracelet mean?

alex 6 months ago

Hi.. i have ring white andvso many stone ..the chop is 750 bit the other side have a number 038 056 520 429.what is that mean

Swarovski Crystals UK 6 months ago

Very interesting blog, looking forward to more wonderful!

rcm 6 months ago

I have a gold ne lase. It s 18K. Nad it s got an AR stamp on it. What does that metan? Thanks

Karoline 5 months ago

I have a bracelet with the markings:

3VI 750 FOB - what does this mean please? 5 months ago 5 months ago

want is AA on gold

josh 5 months ago

I greatly appreciated this knowledge as I have now enough evidence that I am in a city in which pawn shops and gold buyers are a big market and the most of the common down town local pawn shops are the biggest crooks as they take advantage of the knowledge that you are unsure of in the rating of gold or percentage and points of interest to look at in gold and if the item is not generally listed common 10k , 14k , 18k or .999 they have a great way of telling you that it's not the rating the seller emplies or its plated and I will be one to say that I was a victim in the circumstances of having a quality gold pocket watch and a hunter case , closed case and I had markings and a number in 575 series too be exact on each side of the case. So front side and the back of course and underneath that was a little hexagonal box with a trademark looks like a letter with a set of wings very well detailed emblem. I am so glad I did not take the offered price that the 6 or more stores offered to help me out so they said and that they mostly would pay this because of its age and working condition. I have the pocket watch still and the whole thing with the movement weighs 126 grams and a 60 something percent of the weight is the movement of course according to American Waltham mass. Originally posted on their database info on specs. And the rest of which is a good idea that it's 14k I am still going to be doing a acid test and I have done the tests your references implied and I will be receiving my acid test kit in a few days I am getting involved with gold myself and the recovery of gold from plated items and I'm particularly focused on antiques and that's why I bought this pocket watch originally from a friend for 40 $ neither one of us knowing details in gold and I really thank you for your easy to locate and fine detail. Greatly appreciated by me's Internet Explorer has so much bogus and false statements that I am only now more informed about real trusting facts about markings and details after a month or more of digging through browsers and getting details.

Take care keep the faith of good karma in thought you were a true informed source for many people and much more in the future I'm guessing I hope they all read this comment on how to thank you for being very helpful and leave a comment on this page.

Take care kind regards,

Josh koehler

Ros 5 months ago

I bought one bracelet and in that labelled ad 22k and RG2.what foes it mean.please help me to have an idea about same

Ros 5 months ago

In my gold bracelet marked as 22k RG2.what does it means.please reply

Joesk 4 months ago

My poop is 14 k does it mean there are 14 carrots in my bum.?

Ros 4 months ago

Please tell me


josh 4 months ago

Hi again

Sorry for my last email. It was flaky and stupid. I'm really sorry I talk like a girl. I love this gold though and I love you too. 14k wishes and 18k kisses


Josh koehler

Ros 4 months ago

Hello I made big mistake. My bracelet is marked 2k Rg 24 tell me if its gold or cheap stuff like plastic for example ok

Swarovski Crystals UK 4 months ago

Please Ros do not post non seriously writing email I'm serious about gold a lot ok so don't mess around ok!? This is my passion to become crystal so please 4 months ago

Karoline 4 months ago

Found a new bracelet marked ZXA RGG 12-34-13-24-11Sd-wQRDE342553

What's kit mean? Is it GOLDEN?

Karoline 4 months ago

Ok josh thanks for the message I will

Karoline 4 months ago

Ok josh thanks again

josh 4 months ago


josh 4 months ago


alex 4 months ago

My gold on closer examination reads is it true Egyptian gold like I was told.? It weighs 2.56g and I paid 490.00$ us. They said it was 10k but I wonder if true because so cheap. It's from Egypt so maybe different model gold? Don't know. I want to buy more 25g for 4500.00$ us so please tell ASAP 4 months ago

Yes Karoline it does and it always will

big chulo papi 4 months ago

I lost my bracelet 5 years before on family reunion in Colombia so I want to buy a new one . It was very substantial at 9k and 1.347g! Does anyone know where I can safely purchase this amount of gold?

rcm 4 months ago

I have a gold ne lase. It s 18K. Nad it s got an AR stamp on it. What does that metan? Thanks

I wonder if it metan AR or Nad as in nads or metan 1.8k? Also is 10k better than 24 k to make my teeth or do mt teeth get stamp AR too? Thanks ps love this post

Amifalcon 4 months ago

I have a ring that had 585 GK what the GK stand for

Amifalcon 4 months ago

Oops sorry everyone it's not GK it's CK. Calvin Klein! I'm happy tis Calvin but thinking plasticized rubber?

Windie Anderson 4 months ago

Hello falcon. CK is Calvin Klein 585 is the number of people out of 100,000,000,000 that don't know how to use the verb to be nor the proper use of question marks. Please correct your grammar and try asking again Amifalcon. 4 months ago

Swarovski Crystals UK 4 months ago

sahana 4 months ago

509 gold hallamrks it is gold r not

tdkonop 4 months ago

Does any one have any idea what XX marked on the back of an antique YMCA gold medallion means?

jane 4 months ago

Hw to identify that the gold that i bought is a saudi gold? Pls help

Rmlls 4 months ago

Saudigold smells like lemon and is very yellow

Tiffany 4 months ago

I have a gold ring with the word Mettle on the inside of the band and what looks to me to be a half circle or maybe the letter D but turned on its side with the flat part upwards on the outer part of the band.

I'm just curious if anyone maybe would know what it is where it would come from and what does it mean. It appears to be 10k gold but those two markings are the only ones on it.

elizabeth 4 months ago

I have a ear ring that is 14 k with diamonds in it. It has a marking A 162 anyone know what it means

Darling 4 months ago

Hullo lizbet your earring is an earring not a earring. A162 is the diamond grade. A is the color . A is amber so your diamond is yellow colors right. And 162 is the number of inclusions. I don't think you can sell for more than a thin dime specially only one? Only one ear? Have nice day betty

Rmlls 4 months ago

A 162 means the price in Aud 0.162. Not much I'm fraud most people dot have only one ear so pretty much useless and a waste of time eh Betty

Gg 4 months ago

Gold is great,! I got a ring it say 10 k? Is good? Tell me ! Wanna sell me can get a dollar I heard yay!, love golds!

Noelle Gilbert 4 months ago

I have a couple rings with the markings 8925 can someone please tell me what this means!?

michelle 4 months ago

i have a jewelry that mark 750 AME, is this a gold or not?

fred hosfelt 4 months ago

I have an Item marked with just the name gold stamped in it what does this mean???

Mike 4 months ago

So I have a gold locket marked VIII what does that mean

Down with juice 4 months ago

No mike it's not

Mike 4 months ago

Gold locket marked VIII

Gg 4 months ago

Look mike don't be so naive! You should t have locket or is locket for man? Maybe not man? Mrs mike? Viii mans 8 carrots of golden inside so better than yellow plastic. You can wear in rain is good Mikey's! God luck to you lady.

jamie 4 months ago

What does 14k 4w78 mean? I've searched but have had no luck

DB 3 months ago

I have a San Diego Electric Railway Service Pin. On the back appears to have the marking '10', it is really small and hard to see. Also the pin has what appears to be one very small diamond on the front. Any info. on the marking would be greatly appreciated.

Cat 3 months ago

If necklace says 14k SD or 14x sd is it really gold and are the dimonds in it also real

Melissa 3 months ago

What does 14k 1w1 mean on a clasp on pearl bracelet?

Gail 3 months ago

Found a gold ring in my backyard digging a hold, my house is the oldest house around the 1850's. The ring is a gold band about 1/4 in. has 4 marks, crown,18, a mask or cats face, and a D. 3 months ago

Concise, easy to understand information. Found what I wanted to know immediately. Great site. Thank you

GD 3 months ago

I have a gold toned bolo bracelet marked 31c with diamond studded equestrian charms. What does the 31c mean? Thanks 2 months ago

GD the bolo is for sure not Arab gold if marked up to 31 or 36 you can find plastic better too! Hope this helps

Cat 2 months ago

Melissa you shouldn't wearing pearls on a Monday or in a boat ok! First 1w1 means very bad quality! Maybe same as plastics ok? Not too proud for you I guess now but sorry you know pearls ok. 14k of course is number of carrots inside. Not too many I suppose ok for clasp or clamp ok?

Melissa 2 months ago


K you alots 2 months ago

Please tell me I'm digging under house with spoon and find golden button of markings 1k! I'm think is true pirates gold from old days before I'm live so is ok to wear if not I'm really pirate? Also very big! Weighs 0.67 g so I'm little scared to steal you know big gold? If is safe maybe with day times people very where close. Not nighttime it's for sure.

GD 2 months ago

Thanks Melissa I will. 14k is usual I guess...

nini 2 months ago

14 k VC OR NC made in italy MEANING PLEASE

Vini 2 months ago

Ho nini if go Italian you eat VCR ok? Is not 14k please act not too naive please. Ic for nc your marks end I'm sure ok?

Reggie 2 months ago

Hey there i have a yellow gold ring stamped AMG 750 and im pretty sure its stamped with *1335Al or *1333AL does that mean its real?? Really need to know

Dibyojyoti Maitra 2 months ago

I just got a gold beckless and see 22 cdm STAMP on it. what does it mean?

George Beitler 2 months ago

I have a wedding band that has R14W stamped inside what does this mean?

Sheila 2 months ago

I have a pendant with F292C stamped on it gold in color is this real gold?

Turtle58 8 weeks ago

I have a white gold ring and inside it has this marking D with a diamond and inside the diamond is a J B then a M what does this marking mean

no name 7 weeks ago

Hi! I recently found a gold necklace and on the back 12-195 was engraved on the back. Does anyone know what this means?

Lyn 5 weeks ago

I bought a horseshoe ring with what I think are diamonds stamped 750 at an op shop and just wondered if I got a bargain

lrb111 4 weeks ago

I have a horseshoe ring with what I believe are diamonds stamped 750 and would like to know if the 15 diamonds are real the approximate worth of this ring I do believe it is white gold

Char 3 weeks ago

I have a pair of earrings with several different colored stones, and inside it says 087 0 What does this mean, if anything? Thanks.

$subliminally 3 weeks ago

55? And a symbol, white gold?

angelica 2 weeks ago

I have a nickless with a diamond cross on the stamp it says 237 AL 750 I took it to jeweler said he wasn't sure

Jackie 10 days ago

Hi I was wondering if you could tell me what 777 means on jewellery?

ryhan 8 days ago

hi i have a 9ct gold braclete and locket and on the back of the locket it has 3 boxes 1 box it has a

unicorn box 2 has the letter v and the 3rd box has the effle tower. now i cant find them symbles anywhere

halesangel 6 days ago

I have a mens ring not sure if its gold or silver but its a nugget ring with the numbers an letter 21R engraved on the bottom outside of the band what does this mean

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