How to Know If Jewelry Is Fake

Updated on December 11, 2017
Dreamworker profile image

Dreamworker was the owner of a small jewelry business for several years.

If you don't know how to tell the difference between good jewelry and fakes, you could be spending a lot of money and not getting much value for it.

To the naked eye, just about all pieces of jewelry look good.

Many have nice designs, lots of glitter and look nice when one is wearing them.

However, there are many fakes and pieces on the market that are not worth the prices unethical sellers ask for them.

To protect yourself from people who sell such items, it's wise to learn some simple techniques that can show you the differences between the good and the bad.

How to know if jewelry is real or fake.
How to know if jewelry is real or fake. | Source

Workmanship

When shopping for jewelry, look carefully at the quality of the workmanship in items that spark your interest.

  • Is the piece strong enough to be able to withstand normal wear and tear?
  • Is the metal heavy or light?
  • Do the clasps open and close easily?

Low quality fakes break easily, their colors often fade, stones fall out and they usually lose their shine and luster quickly.

This is because they use veneers to make pot metal look like gold or silver, and glue to secure stones rather than prongs.

When Prince Charles gave Princess Diana her engagement ring, there was a glut on the market of rings that looked exactly like it.

They sold for less than $5, so clearly were low quality fakes.

However, unethical sellers could easily have sold these same rings (and did) for much higher prices because they claimed they were made the same way as the original.

  • Some people were happy to pay $5 for this item because wearing it made them feel like a princess.
  • Those who paid plenty for them, weren't quite as pleased once the truth reared its ugly head!

Materials

Fake jewelry pieces are made from metals that may look like gold and silver, but are really just plain gold or silver plated metal.

Plating may have the look and feel of precious metals. If thinly plated, over time they can leave green marks on peoples hands, necks and wrists,

On the other hand heavy plating will have the same look and feel as precious metals.

Thus, it can be very difficult to tell the difference between the fake and the real thing when items are heavily plated, especially if someone has illegally marked them as being gold or silver.

Illegal Marking

Gold and silver items have well known marks stamped on them that tell people the quality of the metal that is in them.

For example, the 925 mark on silver means that it has a 92.5% purity level. This is the most common American mark you will see on silver jewelry today. Vintage pieces generally are marked with the word "Sterling", "Ster" or "STG".

If you cannot find a mark on an item, even though it may look like silver, it is not!

Unfortunately, unethical people buy cheap metal items that look like silver and then use a jeweler's stamp on them. These can be purchased by anybody right on Ebay or at jeweler supply stores.

Unless you develop a very good eye for silver, the only way to know if a piece is real is to acid test it. I'll discuss this method in more detail later.

Fakes Will Fool You

Fake pieces of jewelry can be very cleverly made to look exactly like the real thing.

I have a thick gold plated ring with a large Zircon in the middle that I purchased for 40 cents at a garage sale. It would be easy to mark it and sell it for several hundred dollars.

Keep this in mind when shopping.

As with silver, the only way to know if a item being sold as gold is real is either to have a good eye for what gold looks like, or test it.

One of the easiest ways to do this is to carry a strong, small magnet and hold it near the piece. Gold (and silver) are not magnetic.

However, this test won't work if an item is heavily plated because the plating blocks true detection of the underlying metal.

As with silver, it is easy for a scammer to illegally stamp an item. A ring may show that it is 14k gold, but this may not necessarily be true.

The only real way to know is to acid test an item you suspect may be a fake.

Can you tell if this ring is real or fake?
Can you tell if this ring is real or fake? | Source

Jewels and Gemstones

Many people love the glitter and color that jewels and gemstones create when added to precious metal jewelry.

Here again, there are many fakes on the market.

Today, many stones are created in laboratories. They have the look and feel of the real thing, but are worth much less.

The only way to find out if stones are real is to have them tested by a Gemologist. Usually there will be at least one in every jewelry store. Just make sure the person doing the testing is not the one selling you the stones!

Acid Testing

As stated earlier, the best way to know if the metal in a piece of jewelry is gold or silver is to acid test it.

You can use a scratch test or file into the place in order to do this.

I bought the jewelry acid test kit I use for this purpose (and also used in my jewelry business) from Amazon. It includes bottles of acid for testing 10k, 14k, 18k and 22k gold plus silver along with the stone you use to do the scratch test.

It has been worth every penny and more because it saved me from making terrible jewelry buying mistakes.

Testing is easy, but you do have to be careful when handling the acid because it can burn you and damage anything it touches.

For this reason I always placed the stone on a small piece of Plexiglas covered with a newspaper which I then covered with a layer of paper towels.

For a scratch test, rub the item several times in a small area of the stone, then place a drop of acid on it. If it turns brown, the piece is not gold. If it does not change color, you take more tests with higher levesl of acids until the scratched area turns brown. This is how you know what arat the gold is.

For silver, you do the same but only with the 22K acid. If the scratch turns purple, the item is silver.

If this test leaves you unsure, file into the item in an area nobody will see and drop the acid directly on that spot. If it turns green, it's not gold. If it does not turn purple, it is not silver.

Choose Carefully

If you're going to spend money on what you think is good jewelry, it's up to you to make sure that you get what you're paying for.

I always carry an Aierno 10x jeweler's loop with me when I shop for jewelry. These are inexpensive to buy and do a great job of letting you check it's markings and also see how well an item is made.

Don't be tempted to buy more expensive ones because this one will work just as well and costs a great deal less!

By the way, if you think you can trust well known jewelers, think again.

Many have tricks they use such as making clasps out of plated pot metal rather than gold and offering to clean your gold ring but vacuuming the gold dust up, saving it until they have enough, then selling it to a refinery!

Now that you know how to determine whether jewelry is fake or real, take steps to protect yourself.

Do you now understand how inexpensive jewelry differs from quality jewelry?

See results

Questions & Answers

  • if a ring is stamped 18kt gold, is this real gold?

    It probably is real gold. However, the only way to know for sure is to have the ring tested. Most pawn shops will test items for you for free.

© 2017 Sondra Rochelle

Comments

Submit a Comment

No comments yet.

working

This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, bellatory.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://bellatory.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

Show Details
Necessary
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Features
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Marketing
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Statistics
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)