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List of Most Commonly Used Fabrics in Fashion (A to L) – Part 1

Updated on May 19, 2017

Here is a list of the most commonly used fabrics in the fashion industry. Hope you like the article.

Brocade

A type of jacquard fabric that is heavily figured. The figure is developed by floating warp threads, weft threads, or both. Often lustre yarn is used.

Used in

  • Formal wear
  • Furnishing

Brocade
Brocade

Buckram

A stiff fabric, which is made of generally cotton or linen. It is loosely woven in nature

Used as a stiff interlining in

  • Collars
  • Cuffs

Buckram
Buckram

Cambric

A lightweight, closely woven fabric that is generally used in handkerchiefs. It can be given additional stiffening.

Used in

  • Children’s dresses
  • Ladies’ garments
  • Nightwear

Cambric
Cambric

Chambray

It is a lightweight plain weave cotton woven fabric, which has a colored warp and a white weft. This produces a blotchy appearance.

Used in

  • Women’s and Children’s garments
  • Shirts and Sportswear

Chambray
Chambray

Chiffon

A very lightweight, sheer, delicate fabric. It was originally made of silk yarns, but now even man-made fibres like polyester are being used to manufacture chiffon.

Used in

  • Blouses
  • Dresses & Gowns

Chiffon
Chiffon

Chintz

It is a highly lustrous plain weave cotton fabric. It is generally finished with calendering to impart lustre

Used in

  • Furnishing
  • Sportswear

Chintz
Chintz

Corduroy

It is a cut pile cord fabric, generally made of cotton. The cut fibres form the surface of the fabric. It is a medium weight fabric.

Used in

  • Bottom wear

Corduroy
Corduroy

Crepe

It is a fabric that is characterized by a crinkled surface. The effect maybe produced in a variety of ways such as – chemical or heat treatments, use of S and Z high twist yarns, etc.

Used in

  • Blouses
  • Dresses

Crepe
Crepe

Damask

A type of woven fabric that uses mercerized cotton for its construction. Its design is made by interchanging satin and sateen weaves.

Used in

  • Table Cloths
  • Bed Clothing

Damask
Damask

Denim

A durable woven cotton twill fabric. Originally it was indigo dyed and warp was yarn dyed with undyed weft yarn

Used in

  • Leisure wear
  • Workwear

Denim
Denim

Double Cloth

It is also called double face as it is reversible in nature. Two component fabrics are held together by the means of the following methods – centre-stitching, self-stitching, or interchanging.

Used in

  • Coats
  • Dresses
  • Jackets
  • Furnishings

Double Cloth
Double Cloth

Duck

It is a closely woven plain weave fabric, which is similar to the canvas fabric. Cotton or linen yarns are used to manufacture duck.

Duck
Duck

Flannels

Plain or twill weave fabrics, that are lightweight or medium weight, originally made in wool. It might be slightly raised.

Used in

  • Shirts
  • Nightwear

Flannel
Flannel

Fleece

A woven fabric made from woolen yarn that has a raised pile on its surface.

Used in

  • Jackets
  • Coats

Fleece
Fleece

Georgette

It is a fine, lightweight, woven fabric that usually has two S-twisted and two Z-twisted yarns successively in both warp and weft.

Georgette
Georgette

Gingham

A lightweight, plain weave fabric, usually made in cotton, which is yarn dyed in nature. Dyed yarns are used to form checks or stripes.

Used in

  • Shirts
  • Outerwear

Gingham
Gingham

Herringbone

Herringbone is actually a type of twill weave and the fabric made by this is called herringbone fabric. In this twill weave is used to form diagonal lines in the fabric.

Used in

  • Formal wear
  • Coats

Herringbone
Herringbone

Interlock

It is a fine, weft knitted fabric that has good stretch properties and is also reversible in nature

Used in

  • Dresses
  • Blouses
  • Underwear
  • T-shirts

Interlock
Interlock

Lawn

It is a lightweight plain weave woven fabric generally made up of cotton with very fine yarns. It is generally printed.

Used in

  • Dresses
  • Blouses

Lawn
Lawn
 
List of Fabrics Discussed
 
Brocade
Buckram
Cambric
Chiffon
Chintz
Corduroy
Crepe
Damask
Denim
Double Cloth
Duck
Flannel
Fleece
Georgette
Gingham
Herringbone
Interlock
Lawn

Hope you liked the compilation.

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    • PGupta0919 profile image
      Author

      PGupta0919 4 months ago

      Thank you Magicality LM

    • Magicality LM profile image

      Magicality LM 4 months ago

      Awesome list. Didn't know half of the English names.