List of the Most Commonly Used Fabrics in Fashion (M to Z)

Updated on November 13, 2019
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PGupta0919 is a writer with special expertise in textiles, fabrics, printing, and dyeing.

From madras to voile, discover more about some common fabrics used in the fashion industry.
From madras to voile, discover more about some common fabrics used in the fashion industry. | Source

Here is a list of the most commonly used fabrics in the fashion industry in alphabetical order, covering M to Z.

 
List of Fabrics Discussed in This Article
 
Madras
Matelassé
Muslin
Organdy
Organza
Oxford
Poplin
Rib Jersey
Seersucker
Single Jersey
Taffeta
Tweed
Velour
Velvet
Voile
Madras
Madras

Madras

It is a lightweight, fine, plain-weave yarn, dyed fabric that is characterized by large checks.

Used in:

  • Shirts
  • Dresses
  • Blouses

Matelassé
Matelassé

Matelassé

This is a double fabric that has a quilted appearance, which is done by the use of wadding threads and a tightly bound weave.

Used in:

  • Womenswear
  • Coats
  • Furnishings

Muslin
Muslin

Muslin

It is a plain weave, lightweight fabric, usually made from cotton.

Organdy
Organdy

Organdy

This is an extremely fine, delicate, semi-transparent, lightweight fabric characterized by a permanent stiff finish.

Used in:

  • Dresses
  • Blouses

Organza
Organza

Organza

This is a thin, transparent, plain weave fabric with a stiff finish, usually made from silk yarn.

Used in:

  • Formal wear
  • Blouses
  • Interlinings

Oxford
Oxford

Oxford

Oxford is a plain weave cotton fabric which has two warp ends woven as one.

Used in:

  • Shirts
  • Blouses

Poplin
Poplin

Poplin

This is a plain weave cotton fabric made by using a dense warp over a coarse weft, which gives a design of fine weft way ribs.

Used in:

  • Shirts
  • Blouses
  • Jackets
  • Trousers
  • Coats

Rib Jersey
Rib Jersey

Rib Jersey

Rib jersey is a weft-knitted double-sided fabric in which two adjacent wales of face loops alternate with two adjacent wales of back loops in a series.

Used in:

  • Collars of t-shirts
  • Cuffs

Seersucker
Seersucker

Seersucker

Seersucker is a cotton fabric characterized by a crinkled appearance. The fabric tends to have alternating puckered surfaces and relatively flat surfaces, which can be created by finishes or differential warp tensions.

Used in:

  • Blouses
  • Shirts
  • Dresses

Serge
Serge

Serge

It is a fabric with a two-up and two-down 45-degree diagonal twill weave. It is a medium-weight fabric and generally made with wool. It has a shiny appearance and can also be made with cotton.

Used in:

  • Suits
  • Costumes
  • Linings

Sharkskin
Sharkskin

Sharkskin

Sharkskin is a right-hand twill weave fabric often made with wool, generally with two colors (one in warp and one in weft) to give it a scaly appearance.

Used in:

  • Suitings

Single Jersey
Single Jersey

Single Jersey

This is a weft-knitted fabric characterized by plain stitches throughout the fabric.

Used in:

  • Nightwear
  • Blouses
  • T-shirts

Taffeta
Taffeta

Taffeta

Taffeta is a closely woven plain weave fabric which is made from filament yarns. It has a higher density of warp yarns than weft, thus giving the fabric a weft-way rib appearance.

Used in:

  • Evening wear
  • Linings

Terry Cloth
Terry Cloth

Terry Cloth

It is a woven warp pile fabric with uncut loops on both sides of the fabric, and it's manufactured on a dobby loom.

Used in:

  • Towels
  • Robes

Tweed
Tweed

Tweed

This is a woolen, woven fabric made from coarse, irregular yarns, with contrasting warp and weft yarns.

Used in:

  • Formal wear
  • Outerwear
  • Jackets
  • Coats

Velour
Velour

Velour

This is a soft, closely woven fabric with a short cut-pile formed by raising or brushing.

Used in:

  • Jackets
  • Coats

Velvet
Velvet

Velvet

Velvet is a cut-pile fabric with a soft, fuzzy appearance.

Used in:

  • Furnishings

Voile
Voile

Voile

Voile is a lightweight, plain weave fabric made from very fine yarns.

Used in:

  • Dresses
  • Blouses

Waffle Cloth
Waffle Cloth

Waffle Cloth

Generally made of cotton, it is a honeycomb weave that is made on dobby loom.

Used in:

  • Kitchen cloth

Whipcord
Whipcord

Whipcord

It is a compact, medium-weight, warp-face twill fabric that's usually made from wool. It may be made from cotton or rayon.

Used in:

  • Suits
  • Coats

Were you familiar with all of these fabrics?

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