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Do Perfumes Go Off? How to Tell If Perfume Has Expired

Lynsey loves trying out beauty tips and products. She often makes her own products and enjoys sharing any useful information that she finds!

Learn how to tell if a perfume has gone bad and how you can prevent perfume from expiring prematurely.

Learn how to tell if a perfume has gone bad and how you can prevent perfume from expiring prematurely.

Can Perfume Expire?

Short answer: Yes. Perfumes can change their composition as they age, and they may start smelling different or causing allergic reactions that they didn't cause previously.

Perfumes don't usually come with obvious use-by dates, which makes it especially difficult to tell if they have gone bad. While a label on the box might say "Use within 12 months," that doesn't necessarily mean that you cannot use the product anymore after the time has passed—it just means that the quality of the perfume will have diminished after the recommended time.

Over the years, I have received multiple gift sets and bottles of perfume, and I have built up quite the collection. I recently made the decision to start using them, but I noticed that I've had some of them for over five years! It's awful, I know, but I tend to have just one favorite perfume, and I only really use the others for work. I had to go through them all to determine whether they had gone off or if they were still usable.

Why Should I Check If My Perfume Has Expired?

Because of the different storage methods, temperatures, and general environmental issues that a bottle of perfume may have to endure in its lifetime, the chemical balance of the perfume can change—molecules in the perfume can break down and recombine. These chemical changes can cause irritation and even an allergic reaction if you don't stop using the perfume on your skin right away. This might make you think that you're allergic to your favorite perfume when, in fact, the bottle you have is simply out of date.

Does Expired Perfume Smell Different?

Yes, it does. This is the most obvious sign that your perfume has turned bad. When you spray it on, you probably won't like the smell of out-of-date perfume.

Now, depending on the type of perfume, there can be differences in smell when they expire. Personally, I have found that Eau de Toilette sprays tend to smell more like alcohol as they age. Let's face it, you don't want to walk around smelling like you've been drinking—especially first thing in the morning! On the other hand, Eau de Parfum sprays tend to take on an almost spicy, curry-like smell. Still, other perfumes simply lose their strength. It's hard to describe, but I assure you, you will notice the difference from the usual smell!

However, if you have a good, high-quality perfume, it is unlikely that it will go bad if you take proper care of it—that is, keep it from being exposed to light and heat. Some perfumes even smell better with age! In general, perfumes with heavy base notes that are nutty or woody will last longer than floral scents.

What Does Expired Perfume Look Like?

One of the first signs that a chemical change has happened is that the liquid changes color, often turning darker. This can be difficult to judge if you haven't looked at the bottle for a while. Other times, the liquid takes on a milky appearance. You may start to see a milky layer at the bottom of the bottle where some of the particles have settled. But even if this change hasn't occurred, there is another obvious way to tell if the perfume has expired—its smell.

Check for the expiration date or batch code on the packaging.

Check for the expiration date or batch code on the packaging.

Yes. If you are interested in finding out the recommended date of expiration, you can use a cosmetic calculator that will show you when your bottle was manufactured using the batch code at the bottom of the bottle. This website also recommends using all of the perfume within three years of the date of manufacture, but, as you have discovered in this article, there are other ways to tell whether your perfume has expired or not. This can also be used to check the expiration date of other cosmetic products, such as makeup, skincare, and nail polish.

What Is the Average Shelf Life of Perfume and Cologne?

Most perfumes last for about 3–5 years. However, how long it takes for a perfume to expire really depends on the quality of the perfume—some may go bad after one year, while others last for 10 years. It also depends on how well you took care of it—if you keep it in a cupboard, stored in a dark bottle, and with the lid on, it will probably last longer. It's important to use the tips listed above to check if your perfume is still usable.

Instead of throwing them out, use your expired perfumes as decorations!

Instead of throwing them out, use your expired perfumes as decorations!

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How Do I Prevent Perfume From Expiring?

Now, unfortunately, if you have discovered that your perfume is out of date, there is probably nothing better to do with it than dispose of it it, particularly if the scent has altered to some unpleasant spicy smell.

What you can do, however, is try to prevent this from happening again by storing your perfume properly. Proper storage could prevent your perfume from expiring prematurely, so make sure to:

  • Keep your perfumes away from extreme heat or cold. Definitely do not freeze your perfume, and try to keep it in a place that's a little bit colder than room temperature.
  • Keep them out of the bathroom. Though it's convenient to place your bottles on a dresser or on your bathroom counter, it's probably not for the best if you want to make your perfumes last longer—the humidity and heat in the bathroom could speed up the breakdown of your favorite perfume.
  • Store perfumes out of direct sunlight. This could mean transferring the liquid to a dark or frosted bottle. Or, if that's too complicated, simply keep your perfume in a cabinet or drawer.
  • Keep the lid on. Scents with a high alcohol content could start to evaporate faster if they are not sealed properly, so be sure to replace the lid after each use.

Try to Use Up Your Fragrances

Think of your perfumes as consumables and use them in order of purchase, starting with the oldest first. You wouldn't use your freshest eggs first and let the older ones go to waste, would you? You should think of perfume in the same way.

There are many ways to maximize the use of your perfume so that you can get through the whole bottle before it expires. Here are a few ideas:

  • Soak a few cotton balls in perfume, place them in a small mesh bag, and use them as clothes fresheners. You can also just spray it on a paper towel.
  • Use it as an air freshener
  • Place it in your car to keep that musty smell out.
  • Spray it on a piece of paper to send a romantic letter to your significant other!

If there are perfumes that you simply don't like, perhaps arrange a swap with a friend. You wouldn't believe the number of bottles over the years I've received as gifts that I just can't wear for one reason or another. I'm sure there are plenty of others out there who are the same! You can also just gift them to a friend or to a women's shelter.

Remember, prevention is better than cure. Try to limit your consumption and spending to the things you need, and don't buy a new bottle of perfume until you've already used what you have. I'd definitely prefer to use up all of my bottles rather than dispose of them, but, unfortunately, I left it too late this time. Don't make the same mistake!

How Can I Dispose of Expired Perfume and Cosmetics Properly?

It happens to all of us—between all the scents that are out on the market right now, it can be all too easy to let the bottles of perfume and cologne pile up. Sometimes you get them as gifts, or sometimes you just fall in love with a certain smell; unfortunately, this often means that we start building a collection of perfumes that don't get used up before they expire.

If your perfume is already used up, feel free to just rinse the bottle and toss it in the recycling bin. You can also use the bottle as decoration on your shelf, either filled with beads or on its own. In addition, if you bought the perfume from a specific store, some companies—such as Lush and The Body Shop—will gladly take your perfume empties and recycle them properly. However, if there's still a sizeable amount of liquid in there and you don't know where to get rid of it, it'd be better to send it to a hazardous waste facility in your area, where they can dispose of your perfumes properly.

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2013 Lynsey Hart


Владимир on August 01, 2020:

What is the legitimacy of a cosmetic calculator that processes patch codes?

Lynsey Hart (author) from Lanarkshire on July 24, 2019:

Hi Josey, Thanks for stopping by. All of the information I have about expired perfumes is in the article.

Josey on July 23, 2019:

Hey i hope i can use an expired can of perfume though its off in terms of date it harmful to me please

Liza on March 12, 2019:

Excellent article!

I just discovered that expensive perfums I was hoarding for "special occasions" changed so much that I am embarrased to wear them!

But cannot bin them either...

WitchyD on July 28, 2018:

Yes, perfume can definitely go off! I order a once-favored discontinued scent from Ebay and it was really horrible and not at all as I remembered. It's hard to describe the smell of old, off perfume... just sort of musky-alcohol bad--I guess you'd say it's lost all of it's top notes. It's really a bummer if you miss an old favorite scent and think you can find on Ebay or something.

Lynsey Hart (author) from Lanarkshire on June 10, 2018:

Hi Lila, if you read the article it will give you some tips on how to identify whether the scent has spoiled and how to use it if so. Thanks for visiting and leaving your comment.

Lila Reaume on June 06, 2018:

Hi : I have a bottle of Chanel #5 and its around the four year old mark ; do you think useable ? Was exspensive but if gone bad ; it cant be worn . Thanks

Lynsey Hart (author) from Lanarkshire on April 09, 2018:

Hi Cee, yes it is Secret Fantasy and it is from Avon. Not sure if they still do it though.

Cee on April 08, 2018:

Do you know the name of the perfume in front and the fuschia bottle with the S on it. ?

Lynsey Hart (author) from Lanarkshire on March 31, 2018:

Hi Virginia, if it was me, I would check the manufacture date using the link in the hub. If it is old I'd try to return it. Hope this helps.

Virginia hacker on March 30, 2018:

I have just bought some eaude toilette spray from fragrance ware house I bought some enigma , it does not look like my old one and the smell is not the same this one is reddish brown in colour , and my original one was very light in colour , what should I do .

Lynsey Hart (author) from Lanarkshire on November 30, 2017:

Hi Shane, I'm afraid I couldn't really answer this. I mean, if the fragrance has been discontinued, then it means that the ebay seller has some old stock, which may have deteriorated. Depending on storage conditions, it may smell ok, but it may not... You could always order a bottle, try it out and if it doesn't smell right, ask for a refund?

Shane on November 29, 2017:

Hi, I have always loved mens Kenneth Cole Signature cologne. I can't buy it in stores anymore, but EBay sales them sealed in the box new. Would it be worth the gamble to buy this?

Alice on November 26, 2017:

Hi,I have a perfume,it's Eau de Perfume Vaporisateur L'arte di Gucci,it's about 25 years old,is it still useable?I can't tell by the smell because it's been years since I use it,and I can't tell by the colour too since the bottle is black.

Jaime hidrogo on September 10, 2017:

Since I was a kid I love to wear fresh scents but now I'm mature person I'd like to know what kind of fragrances are suitable for one person over fifty

Lynsey Hart (author) from Lanarkshire on August 29, 2017:

Hi Antigone, thanks for dropping by and leaving your comment. Unfortunately I haven't heard of any ways of rejuvenating an old bottle, so if you find anything, please let us all know!

Antigone on August 28, 2017:

Hello; I found your blog entry here while searching for a way to restore spoiled fragrance; I'm letting mine air out overnight in the hope that it will make a difference. If not, at least I'm a collector and adore the set nonetheless though it would have been phenomenal if the juice hadn't lost it's 'joie de vivre'. (It's first-edition Niki de Saint Phalle). Ah, well, perhaps she will revive and perhaps not. Fortunately, it still adds sentimental and historical value to my collection.

As Robert Frost said, "Nothing gold can stay".

Great topic, and thank you for sharing your experience.

Lynsey Hart (author) from Lanarkshire on July 20, 2017:

Hi Ashley, thanks for stopping by and leaving a comment. Yes, the recommended shelf life for most cosmetic type products is 12 months. Some are 18 months. In my opinion, it is to make us feel that we have to replace them quicker than normal. Obviously, they are important in some products, such as makeup, but perfume can last for years!

Ashley on July 18, 2017:

I noticed that on my perfume bottle it said 12 months. The perfume still smells good, even though I had it for about 4-5 years! Time really does go by quickly.

Lynsey Hart (author) from Lanarkshire on July 17, 2017:

Hi Rumeur! WOW!!! A bottle from the 80s! Im amazed it has lasted so long! I tend to use my perfume up within a year now, and don't allow myself to buy any more until the last one is done! Well done on keeping a bottle for so long!!

Rumeur on July 13, 2017:

I have a bottle of perfume from sometime in the '80s!! I went to see "Phantom of the opera" with a friend & I think either in the theater or across the street was a gift shop all things Broadway. Beautiful bottle ( I'd never throw it out for that reason alone) but it actually still smells pretty good. Not quite as strong & long lasting. I don't think they make it anymore either. I'll be sad when it is all

Lynsey Hart (author) from Lanarkshire on July 04, 2017:

Hi Adrienne, if it still smells ok, and you are happy to use it, then I don't see why not!

Adrienne yee on July 03, 2017:

I have a perfume that I really like and I don't think it is sold anymore. I want to keep using it but it has changed color and has gone a bit milky. It smells fine though and I don't have type of allergic reaction to it. Is it fine to keep using it or should i toss it?

Lynsey Hart (author) from Lanarkshire on April 17, 2017:

Hi Meia thatnks for stopping by, I'm glad I could help! I was in the same situation, but I have now managed to use everything up and will not allow myself to have more than 4 bottles at a time- 1 cheap one for work, another light, fruity day fragrance and 2 evening fragrances. Means I should get through them all well before they turn bad!

Meia on April 17, 2017:

I have a really big collection of perfume and I was a bit worried that I wouldn't be able to use it all before the recommended three years of use time was up! Thanks, this page was really helpful.

Lynsey Hart (author) from Lanarkshire on January 08, 2017:

Thanks for dropping by, Mary, hope you found hat you were looking for.

mary on January 06, 2017:

I want to get some answers so I read it.

said on January 04, 2017:

thanks you so much

Lynsey Hart (author) from Lanarkshire on August 08, 2016:

It is likely that the scent may have changed a bit from their best, but if they still smell good, I don't see why you couldn't use them. Just be careful as your skin may be sensitive to them.

Suzy on August 06, 2016:

I found some bottles of perfume that belonged to my mother. They are at least 20 years pld. I don't know what they are supposed to smell like so cannot tell if they have spoiled.

Lynsey Hart (author) from Lanarkshire on April 19, 2016:

Hi City! Thanks for that info- I'm gonna have to try that with some of my other bottles! I have found, though, that plenty of perfumes last longer than recommended, so the sniff test is always a good one!

City on April 19, 2016:

Yeah there is a code in the bottom of each bottle. Then go to and click the brand name and type in your code. It'll then show which month and year your bottle was manufactured. It also says to use your bottle 3 years from date of manufacture.

Lynsey Hart (author) from Lanarkshire on January 15, 2015:

I'm sure there is a way to find this out. Maybe a batch number of some kind? But, unfortunately I don't know the secret to that! If you find out, please let me know :-)

Sarah on January 14, 2015:

I adore Estee by Estee Lauder, I've had it for just under a year and it does not smell bad, but it definitely does not smell as heavenly from when I first got it. I've had strangers stop and ask me what I was wearing (when it was fresh) but not anymore. I was really hoping to find a 'made on' date to determine how long it's been on the store shelves. (was wondering if the possible 'made on' date was in code)

Lynsey Hart (author) from Lanarkshire on September 10, 2014:

Yes tupac, a timeless classic. Not all perfumes smell bad, they can just lose their power over time. Well done on getting a good run out of your Versace!

Tupac Shakur on September 10, 2014:

i received a fragrance in 1996 and it still smells good today in 2014. Versace blue jeans

Lynsey Hart (author) from Lanarkshire on January 19, 2013:

yeah, its so hard to put a timeframe on it! I had a bottle of perfume I got for my 16th birthday that still smelt good when i was 21!! That's why i made this hub, because it is quite hard to tell :)

Brianna Stuart on January 19, 2013:

I had J-Lo Glow perfume for more than 3 years and it still smells great... If it smelled bad, I would have thrown it out by now thought. Its almost gone, so I'm going to use the rest unless the smell changes I guess.

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