How to Find Paraben-Free Cosmetics

Paraben-free cosmetics
Paraben-free cosmetics | Source

What are parabens?

Parabens are all forms of: alkyl esters of p-hyroxybenzoic acid.

Some parabens occur naturally in some plants, with blueberries being the plant most widely cited as an example. You can be fairly sure it’s safe to eat those. However most parabens are chemicals widely used as preservatives in cosmetics and even in some medicines and foods. About a decade ago scientists began to realize that parabens act like estrogen in the body, so they are one of a group of chemicals known as xenoestrogens.

Why would you want to avoid Parabens?

There is growing evidence that xenoestrogens as a group contribute to a variety of issues of concern, including earlier puberty in girls, lowered fertility in men and to breast cancer. Xenoestrogens can linger for many years, and a study in the Cape Cod area found pesticides in house dust that had been banned up to 30 years previously.

Lately parabens have been singled out for research due to growing concerns that in particular in deodorants are connected with breast cancer. In a British study published in January 2012, parabens were found in 99% of breast tissue taken from 40 breast cancer patients. Although a high number of the women had tumors in the outer and upper area of the breast – in other words close to the underarm where deodorant is applied – the author of the report, Dr Philippa Darbre, cautions against jumping too rapidly conclusions. Her view is that parabens are probably only one part of the picture, a view supported by other scientists.

But parabens are part of the picture, and what many scientists believe is that when combined parabens (and other xenoestrogens) could create an “estrogenic stimulus” far beyond what each would do individually. Doctors are taking this seriously, and so should we.

A Methylparaben

Don’t be fooled by how pretty it looks!
Don’t be fooled by how pretty it looks! | Source

Further Reading

Cosmetics are not the only place we encounter xenoestrogens. For more information on where they are found in and how to avoid them, read my article on: How To Protect Your Kids From Xenoestrogens

From Medscape Today:

Link Between Parabens and Breast Cancer?

From Cornell University: Breast Cancer and Environmental Risk Factors

All these products are paraben free


How to recognize a paraben in an ingredients list.

The diagram opposite shows the structure of a methylparaben, but parabens don’t look like that when in toiletries and cosmetics. You won’t find them by looking in the bottle, but sometimes you will find them listed among the ingredients on the bottle or packaging.

Common parabens used in cosmetics are:








However sometimes parabens go by different names. See the blue box to the right for a link to a full list of the different names used for parabens.

A quicker way to assess ingredients

The list of variations is long, and the names unfamiliar to most of us, so the chances are you won’t be able to remember each one when out shopping. Therefore let’s return to paraben’s full name for a few clues: alkyl esters of p-hyroxybenzoic acid.

Ester sound like a nice girl’s name, and indeed some esters are perfectly benign. They are naturally present in fats and oils such as butter or sunflower oil. Very simply an ester is formed by an acid and alcohol bonding. (In fats fatty acids bond with alcohol glycerol.) For this reason don’t assume that all esters in cosmetics are parabens.

But once the ingredient is made up of ester along with other parts of either alkyl esters of p-hyroxybenzoic acid, or of the first part of any parabens from the list above, there is a good chance it is a paraben. For example benzylparaben is also known as:

4-Hydroxybenzoic acid benzyl ester

p-Hydroxybenzoic acid benzyl ester

phenylmethyl ester.

The first of these two names contain parts of paraben’s full chemical name and the last one contains methyl, which is in the list of parabens above.

So a quick way to assess ingredients is to watch out for any of the names on the list above combined with each other or with hyroxybenzoic acid or with ester. If you find any of those combinations then it’s probably best to assume you have found a paraben.

As I wrote in my Hub: How To Protect Your Kids From Xenoestrogens, it is not safe to assume that because a cosmetic is labeled organic it means it is. Organic cosmetics are not controlled nearly so rigorously as organic foods. This is especially true in the United States where rules are much less stringent than in the European Union or Australia. A product might contain only a few organic ingredients along with many that are non-organic, and still boast of “certified organic ingredients.” Look carefully at ingredients and look out also for products that clearly state: paraben-free or no synthetic preservatives, colors or scents.

Where to look for paraben-free cosmetics

You probably won’t find many paraben-free cosmetics in your local supermarket, but on the other hand don’t discount it. In the UK the Waitrose chain stock a variety of (genuinely) organic toiletries and a smaller variety of make-up. Several supermarket chains stock organic and natural toiletries for babies and toddlers. In the US Walmart have some paraben-free products. They also have other products advertised as organic, but that list parabens and petroleum jelly among the ingredients - so remember to read the labels.

You are more likely to find a good variety of organic and paraben-free toiletries in a health food or whole food store. In the States, the Whole Foods Market chain stock a wide variety of cosmetics, and smaller independent stores will also have a selection. One example is Chamberlin’s in Orlando. In the UK the chain Holland and Barrett stock organic toiletries, but little make-up. For make-up the best bet is small local stores that sell either whole foods or toiletries, herbalists, or departments stores with a cosmetics department.

In the UK buying cosmetics on-line is relatively easy as many companies now list ingredients. This is less common in the States, so be sure you know the product when purchasing on-line. has a variety of organic products and I have listed a few that I know and trust in the grey box on the right.

Rose oil from the Andes


Alternatives to Standard Cosmetics

Finally think out of the box, or maybe out of the bottle! Try products you may not usually consider. The easiest way to avoid parabens is to choose products that are as close to their natural state as possible.

Instead of using a night cream, use pure oil on your face. My favorite is Rio Rosa Mosqueta. This oil is extremely high in essential fatty acids and has been used by South American women for centuries to combat wrinkles, stretch marks and scars. Contrary to what you might imagine it doesn’t make your face greasy, because the skin easily absorbs the oil. Some of my friends use almond oil or sunflower oil as a moisturizer.

Instead of chemical deodorants use a pure salt stick, such as the one from Salt of the Earth shown in the photo and in the Amazon list.

Instead of commercial perfumes, use essential oils. Some such as lavender can be applied neat, while others should be mixed with carrier oil before applying to skin.

Instead of chemical hair dyes, use natural henna. Yes it can be messy, but in my experience no more so than other dyes. You do need to mix the henna first, and allow it to work longer on your hair, but it is nowhere near as difficult a process as you might imagine. And a few hours every few months are nothing when they bring you peace of mind.

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Comments 16 comments

kelleyward 4 years ago

Melovy, this is such a useful hub. I've been trying to do this for a while now. Thanks for sharing this information. it will make it so much easier for people to make the switch. Voted up and useful! Take care, Kelley

TFScientist profile image

TFScientist 4 years ago from Peterborough, UK

A well constructed and balanced hub. You are right to report that Dabre has cautioned against jumping to conclusions. Despite the research into parabens being over a decade old, sample sizes of this research tend to be small which limits the validity of any conclusions drawn. But it doesn't hurt to be cautious.

I also find it ironic that the ads currently displayed on my screen related to face creams, perfumes and anti-wrinkle creams that all contain parabens.

Voted up and interesting. Thanks for sharing :)

Melovy profile image

Melovy 4 years ago from UK Author

Hi Kelley, I’m glad you’ve found this useful. It’s a bit of a minefield and I’ve been tiptoeing through that minefield for several years now, ever since I read an article in the 'New Scientist' about xenoestrogens in suncream. I’m really pleased to be able to pass on what I’ve learned. Thanks for your comment and vote up.

Melovy profile image

Melovy 4 years ago from UK Author

Hi TFScientist,

I am really pleased to see you here, and the see that you think this is balanced as I do try to achieve that. So I’m glad to get a scientist’s opinion!

I did notice that the sample size of the latest study was quite small - it would be good to have some larger studies I think. I agree with you that it doesn’t hurt to be cautious, and as my mother is a breast cancer survivor and my father now has cancer, I am possibly more cautious than some. My view is that there have been so much that was once considered safe that have subsequently been found not so, such as DDT, and some sheep-dips, that it is best not to use chemicals useless we really need to -and in cosmetics they are not essential.

As for the ads, I’ve certainly got similar ones to you showing - it is indeed ironic!

Thanks very much for your comment.

Turtlewoman profile image

Turtlewoman 4 years ago from California

This is a really wonderful article, Melovy! More people, especially teenagers should be well aware of these chemicals. I will share with all my cousins. I've been avoiding paraben as well as alcohol in my cosmetics and skincare for awhile now. I find that coconut oil works really well on my skin. Voted up!

Melovy profile image

Melovy 4 years ago from UK Author

Hi Turtlewoman,

I haven’t tried coconut oil as it’s not that readily available where I live (or at least I haven’t noticed it). It’s good to know that it works well. Thanks for adding that to the hub and glad you enjoyed it. Thanks for sharing too!

Miranda Birt profile image

Miranda Birt 4 years ago from Austin, Texas

I enjoyed this article! I am fairly laid-back when it comes to my "style". I don't wear any makeup, mostly because I don't like the way it feels on my face, but I'm also hesitant to put certain things on it. I love reading about more natural products that I can use when I need to, though, so thanks for putting this out there! I read a bit about parabens in a college course last semester; it was "Engery and the Environment", in the oils and petrochemicals lesson! Ugh! Very informative and great hub!

Melovy profile image

Melovy 4 years ago from UK Author

Hi Miranda,

I think your attitude to make-up will serve you well. I’ve been fortunate enough to have sensitive skin so many cosmetics made my skin react and I learned to be careful what I put on it.

Thanks for your comment.

alliemacb profile image

alliemacb 4 years ago from Scotland

Really useful hub. I only ever check cosmetics to make sure they have not been tested on animals. Will have to start reading labels more thoroughly now to check for the list of ingredients you have flagged up. Voted up.

Melovy profile image

Melovy 4 years ago from UK Author

Hi alliemacb,

I’m glad you found this useful. Yes, unfortunately not tested on animals doesn’t mean a product is okay to use. I found 4 parabens and a variety of other chemicals in the an eyeshadow on the Body Shop’s web-site. I’ve added in a new section on where to look for paraben free cosmetics, which should make the job a bit easier for you!

Thanks for your comment.

Ardie profile image

Ardie 4 years ago from Neverland

I wasn't aware of harmful chemicals in makeup!! Now I will be giving my own makeup a closer look to see what's in it. Why be careful with what I put IN my body if I am just going to mess it all up by what I put ON it?

Melovy profile image

Melovy 4 years ago from UK Author

Hi Ardie,

It is quite shocking the toxins that are in some make-up. I recently read that most mascara has mercury in it as a preservative. I agree with you that you need to take as much care about what we put on our bodies as in them. A friend of mine is an aromatherapist and when she was training an instructor rubbed garlic on a student volunteer’s foot and half an hour later they could smell it on her breath - an effective way of showing how we absorb a lot of what goes on our skin.

Thanks for your comment.

Marcy Goodfleisch profile image

Marcy Goodfleisch 4 years ago from Planet Earth

I know so many people with allergies and sensitive skin; this sort of information is so helpful! Voted up and up, and Pinned.

Melovy profile image

Melovy 4 years ago from UK Author

Marcy, I also have sensitive skin and these days I see it as a blessing because it’s what led me to question what was in the products I put on it. I discovered years ago that “ordinary" sun lotion brought my skin out in itchy lumps, and had to avoid anything with perfume in it. Skin is our first line of defence and sensitive skin does a great job of defending! I hope the people you know who have allergies do find this useful.

Thanks for your comment.

Lilleyth profile image

Lilleyth 3 years ago from Mid-Atlantic

I am posting this on my FB page because I am an Arbonne consultant and I constantly try to warn my friends and family about the dangers found in most skincare products.

Melovy profile image

Melovy 3 years ago from UK Author

Hi Lilleyth, thank you for your comment and for sharing. I am in the UK and don't know Arbonne, but from you write it sounds as if they produce natural cosmetics. Glad you alert your family and friends to the need for vigilance and I hope they take notice!

Thanks again.

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