What is BB Cream? How It Compares To Foundation and Tinted Moisturizers
A Brief History of BB Cream
BB Cream was originally developed in Germany in the 1950s. "BB" is short for Blemish Base, Blemish Balm or Beauty Balm Cream. It was used on the wounds of patients who had laser surgery to heal the scars faster. In addition to helping wounds heal, the cream also provided a light coverage to the skin to help hide scars.The trend then spread to Korea, Japan, Southeast Asia, the rest of Europe, and finally, to the west.
The market exploded with these BB creams just a few years ago and by the end of 2014 every major high-end and drugstrore brands had their own BB cream, and some brands even created an entire line of BB creams such as Rimmel London and Maybelline New York.
Properties of BB Cream
BB Cream provides coverage, like a foundation, but the coverage is usually sheer, more closely similar to that of a Tinted Moisturizer.
The cream also claims to have healing properties to soften, smooth, refine, and regenerate skin; we have to be careful with very vague claims like that. More on that later.
A good BB Cream generally contains or act as the following:
- Ingredient to help control acne and blemishes
- Pigment that can act as concealer
- Pigments that can cancel out redness
- A light moisturizer
Among the other ingredients in the BB Cream were Abyssine®, Hydroprolisilane and Beta-Glucan.
Important Ingredients in BB Cream
A chemical synthesized by an organism that lives in hydrothermal vents about 3000 meters under the surface of the ocean. It reduces irritation against UVB rays
Not naturally found. Usually used in firming products and healing of small scars or fading of stretch marks.
These are polysaccharides that are made up of only glucose linked together. They are known as “biological response modifiers” because they have an ability to activate the immune system.
A description of Boscia BB Cream from Sephora.com states the intended purposes of the BB Cream:
“This oil-free B.B. Cream is the ultimate multi-functional treatment. The gentle botanical formula creates a lustrous, flawless finish as it hydrates, firms, and soothes the skin. It helps to diminish the appearance of pores, fine lines, and uneven skintone while providing long-wearing, natural coverage that conceals imperfections. Comes in a self-adjusting, universal shade that warms to complement most skintones for sheer, flawless coverage.
Designed to repair damage and protect skin from future damage without irritation, it's packed with antioxidants and physical sunscreens that provide broad-spectrum sun protection rated to SPF 27 and PA++. The PA system is a grade of UVA protection that provides superior defense against the rays that cause collagen damage and photo-aging of the skin.”
Garnier BB Cream: Mini-Review
How well did the Garnier BB Cream work for you?See results without voting
BB Cream, Foundation, or Tinted Moisturizer?
The main difference between BB Cream and Foundation or Tinted Moisturizer is that it is designed to be a all-in-one product. Whereas foundation focuses on heavier pigmentation to even and conceal, Tinted Moisturizer focuses on light coverage and moisturizing, BB Cream tries to focus on all of those including acting like a "medication" for your skin.
The Garnier BB Cream comes in a large sized bottle compared to other BB Creams currently on the U.S. market. It was also one of the first BB Creams to popularize the store shelves in the U.S. If you've tried this cream, you can vote in the poll and comment below and let us know how it well it worked for you as well as see how it stacked up for others.
I tested out Garnier's Skin Renew BB Cream in Medium/Deep, L'Oreal's True Match Foundation in Albaster, and E.L.F.'s Tinted Moisturizer in Porcelain to see how they compare. Below is how each showed up on the skin under incandescent and fluorescent lights.
BB Cream, Foundation and Tinted Moisturizer Under Different LightingClick thumbnail to view full-size
How BB Cream, Foundation and Tinted Moisturizer Compare
Garnier's Skin Renew BB Cream
L'Oreal True Match Foundation
E.L.F Tinted Moisturizer
Not viscous, watery
The BB Cream was most similar to the consistency of a Tinted Moisturizer. A lot of makeup artists will tell you not to waste your money on BB Cream because it is the same as a lot of Tinted Moisturizers, but sometimes even gives you less coverage than those. While I tend to agree with these makeup artists, the added benefits of the cream being an all-in-one cream, makes it tempting to try.
One downside of BB Cream is the poor range of colors it comes in. As of May 5th, 2012, Garnier's Skin Renew BB Cream only comes in two shades Light/Medium and Medium/Deep. Poor selection, but since you have to blend out the cream well and it doesn't provide a lot of coverage anyway, it won't look like much of a difference in skin tone.
As always, it's best to try out a sample beforehand at a professional makeup counter, from online samples, or just a "buy-try-and-return" from a store with a good return policy, to make sure your skin will not react adversely too all the ingredients.
Thinking of Buying?
There are three basic things to know about BB Cream before you shop around:
- Like foundations, there are a lot of varieties out there
- BB Creams from Asia tend to provide a lot more coverage and the overall public opinion is that Western BB Creams are nowhere near as well-developed and good as the ones in Asia.
- There is a poor range of colors regardless of what country the cream is purchased from
With that said, in order to narrow down your options, ask yourself some questions about your skin tone.
- Do I want a matte or dewy look?
- What type of skin do I have, oily, dry, or combination?
- What is the main thing I want my BB Cream to do?
Your answer should tell you what type of BB Cream you are looking for. For example, I need a matte BB Cream for oily skin that will give skin a toned appearance. From there, narrow down your choices by reading online reviews and informing yourself.
Opinion from a Makeup Artist: Wayne Alan Goss
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What do you currently prefer?
BB Cream, Foundation, or Tinted Moisturizer?See results without voting
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